Vol. 3 & Issue 1 ; Section B : Biological Sciences

Date : Nov.2012 to Jan.2013


Studies on L-Asparaginase Production by Using Staphylococcus Capitis

Udaya Paglla, C.S.V.R.Rao and Satish Babu Rajulapati

  • Abstract

    L-Asparaginase is a therapeutic enzyme which is used in treatment of different types of cancers. Many bacteria are able to produce this enzyme but it has some side effects. If this enzyme is produced from microbe which is isolated from medicinal plants, side effects can be reduced. This paper presents the study on L-Asparaginase production by endophytic bacteria from Mentha Spicata. Four microbes were isolated and tested for enzyme production. One of these microbes shown positive results for L-Asparaginase production and it was identified as Staphylococcus capitis. Medium composition was optimized for the improvement of L-asparaginase activity by RSM (Response Surface Methodology). Effect of five process variables such as time, temperature, pH, inoculum size and substrate concentration were studied on enzyme temperature 25°C, substrate concentration 0.5 g, time 6 days and inoculum size was 3 ml. It was observed that L-asparaginase activity was improved from 83 to 224 U/ml after optimization.

Occurrence of Collared Scops Owl Otus lettia In Mainpuri (U.P.) India

Amita Sarkar and Bhavna Upadhyay

  • Abstract

    The diversity of bird species is of special importance as it can create responsive and adaptive behaviors among the whole population of animals in our wild environment. The Collared Scops owl Otus lettia belongs to family strigidae .It is a partially migrant species; a resident breeder in South Asia from northern Pakistan, northern India and the eastern Himalayas to China. These birds winters in India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.. In this paper we describe the first report of our encounter with collared scoops owl Otus lettia in Manipuri region. Otus lettia is a very rarely seen human activities. Conservation of Owl requires attention. Presence of collared scops owl Otus lettia waobserved in this area in September 2011.

Differential Variability and Stability of Cocoa Clones to Varied Rootstock ages of Patch Budding

Adewale, B. D., Nduka, B. A., Adeigbe, . O. and Taiwo N.

  • Abstract

    The probability that Cocoa genotypes may exhibit different physiological variation when used as scion on the same clonal rootstock of different ages had necessitatedthe present  for the ages of one, two and three months. Budwoods from five genotypes were patch budded on the common rootstock of different ages. Growth and development of the budded materials were monitored for four months. The seedling length, girth and the number o leaves per plant of the rootstock at the three ages differed significantly (P ≤ 0.001). The oldest seedling had the highest significant (P ≤ 0.05) mean of twelve leaves; 36cm seedling length and 0.51cm stem girth. After budding, DAH, FW and LA exhibited significant (P ≤ 0.01) genotypic variation. The three ages differed significantly (P ≤ 0.001) for FW. The only variable with significant (P ≤ 0.05) clone by age interaction was PDM. Broadsense heritability was quite low (< 23%) in FW, DW and PDM; however, DAS, DAH and LA had 59, 71 and 85% respectively. With respect to PDM, the five clones performed differently in response to the three ages of the root stock. Shukla stability variance and Wricke ecovalence agreed and uniformly identified CRINTc-2 to be most stable genotype across the three ages at budding. The PDM performance of other genotypes is rootstock-age specific. The understanding of the interaction of clones with different rootstock ages in the patch budding or grafting protocols may greatly enhance wider production of cocoa clones.

Microbial Degradation of Voc’s Using Microbes

A.G.Deepapriya, C.S.Sharath kumara, M.Gopinatha, R.Dhanasekar

  • Abstract

    Malodrant emission from Volatile Organic Compound (VOCs) in the atmosphere raises major environmental issues. The revolutionary national and international environmental monitoring board has taken many rigorous steps to control the emission of VOCs. Many physico-chemical techniques are available for the destruction and recovery of VOCs. There is a growing tendency in the industries to develop a microbial degradation that favor the treatment of VOCs in contrast to other techniques on account of its long term stability and effective removal efficiency. This review presents an outline of various ballots of microbes available for microbial degradation and also focuses on continuous microbial degradation for future research aspects.

Anatomical Studies of Leaves in Some Species of Ammannia L. (Lythraceae)

Anil A. Kshirsagar

  • Abstract

    The present investigation brings out the anatomical studies of leaves in four species of Ammannia L.belonging to family Lythraceae. The shape and size of leaf axis is variable. The leaves are dorsiventral and isobilateral.The stomata are confined to both the epidermis. Stomata are mostly anomocytic in species like A.baccifera sub species baccifera, A.baccifera sub species aegyptiaca and A. Multiflora while anisocytic in A.desertora.The mucilaginous cells are present among epidermal cells.The mesophyll tissue consist of spongy and palisade occurs at both the sides and one side. The vascular bundles are bicollateral, the central vascular strand is an arc shaped, and presence of calcium oxalate crystals in cortical tissues is significant character in leaves of Ammannia.

Antibacterial efficacy of Mokkathotapapada leaf extracts of Piper betel L. Cv. Kapoori, a local cultivar (Green gold of India)

N.L. Swapna, K. Ammani and Harikrishna.R.P. Saripalli

  • Abstract

    India is a treasure house of a wide variety of medicinal plants. Some species are found wild, while a number of species have been domesticated by the farmers. India is known to be the richest repository of medicinal plants amongst the ancient civilizations, About 8,000 herbal remedies have been codified in Ayurveda. The recorded medicinal plants in Rigveda (5000 BC) – 67species, Yajurveda81 species, Atharvaveda (4500-2500 BC) 290 species, CharakSamhita (700 BC) and SushrutSamhita (200 BC) had described properties and uses of 1100 and 1270 species respectively, in compounding of drugs and these are still used in the classical formulations, in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. It has been estimated that in India, plant drugs constitute as much as 80% of the total drugs. India is the world’s 12th biodiversity centre with the presence of over 45000 different plant species. In India, drugs of herbal origin have been used in customary medicines such as Unani and Ayurveda. Traditional systems of medicine keep on to be widely practised on many accounts. Many of the green plants synthesizes and bottle a variety of biochemical products, many of which are extractable and used as chemical feed stocks or as ra material for various scientific investigations.

Study of Lead Molecules for GP120 (HIV) receptors Using Cadd-An Insilico Approach

V.PrasannaTeja, S.BhavaniCharan Prasad and C.S.V. RamachandraRao

  • Abstract

    Lead molecules preventing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) entry into the cells are recognized as hopeful next-generation anti-HIV-1 drugs. It is highly desirable to develop a potent inhibitor blocking binding of glycoprotein CD4 of the cell with glycoprotein gp120 of HIV-1, because the gp120-CD4 binding is the initial step of HIV-1 entry into the cells. It has been recently reported that Flavan-3-ols from green and black tea and marine natural products that feature polycyclic guanidine alkaloid motifs such as batzelladines are an inhibitor blocking of gp120-CD4 binding. For understanding the inhibitory mechanism, we have taken screening approach using gold 3.2 software docking system. Calculations have been performed in this study to predict the most favorable structures of gp120-flavan-3-ol, gp120-batzelladine binding complexes. The inhibitor binding positions and affinity were evaluated using both the scoring fitness functions- GoldScore and ChemScore. These compounds were analyzed with Lipinski’s properties and ADMET properties using ACD labs

The Effects of Ethanol Extract of Allium SativumLeaves on Aspartate Aminotransferase, Alanine Aminotransferase and Alkaline Phosphatase in Albino Rats

Oko, M.O., Anyim, C., Nworie, O., Agah, M.V. and Okoli, C.S.

  • Abstract

    The effects of ethanol extract of Allium sativumon aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities in albino rats were investigated by spectrophotometeric methods. Sixteen albino rats were divided into four groups (A, B, C, and D) of four animals in each group. Ethanol extract of Allium sativum was administered through oral intubation at the doses of 200 mg/kg, 400 mg/kg, 600 mg/kg and 0mg/kg to the animals in groups A, B, C, and D respectively for fourteen days. Blood samples were collected of the fifteenth day following the last day of administration. The aspartate aminotransferase activities (μ/l) recorded 0.75±0.03, 0.93±0.06, 1.38±0.05 and 0.73±0.02 for the animals in groups A, B, C and D respectively with corresponding alanine aminotransferase activities (μ/l) as 0.45±0.03, 0.76±0.02, 1.35±0.04 and 8.51±0.02. The alkaline phosphatase activities also recorded 13.34±0.12, 14.64±0.11, 19.21±0.07 and 8.51±0.03 respectively. There were significant (P<0.05) increases in dose dependent elevations in all the enzyme activities and body weights of the animals.

The Impact of Lifestyle Variables and Dietary Patterns on Non-Communicable Diseases

Afoakwah A. Newlove,Amoabeng A. Hannah, Engmann N. Felix, and Adomako Charles

  • Abstract

    Diet and nutrition are important factors in the promotion and maintenance of good health throughout the entire life course. Their role as determinants of chronic Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is well established and they occupy a prominent position in the prevention of diseases. Presently, chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, Type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and hypertension are the leading killers in developed countries and are increasing wildly in developing nations. Factors such as underestimation of the effectiveness of interventions, long delay in achieving measurable impact, institutional inertia and inadequate resources have constrained progress in the prevention of chronic diseases. Besides, promoting healthy diets and healthy lifestyles to reduce the global burden of non-communicable diseases requires a multi-sectoral approach involving various relevant sectors in societies. The purpose of this review is to discuss extensively, lifestyle patterns and health and dietary habits and its associated risk

In vitro studies on anti-cancer activity of anti-cancerous compound producing marine bacteria against on cancer cells by MTT assay

V.S.L.Mithun and C.S.V.Rama Chandra Rao

  • Abstract

    Extracts from microorganisms have served as a valuable source of diverse molecules in many drug discoveries. Identification of microbial strains having promising biological activities and purifying the bio-molecules which are responsible for the biological activities, have led to the discovery of many bioactive molecules. Extracts of bacteria in vitro tested on various cancer cell lines. The lyophilized bacterial extract powder was dissolved in various chemical solvents like Methanol, Chloroform and Ethyl acetate. From them cytotoxic assays was performed with the extracts were screened on HCT 15 and MES- SA cancer cell lines to study the cytotoxic potential. Where the Ethyl acetate showed the viability when compared to other solvents. The Ethyl acetate extract of isolate showed promising results by MTT assay and Trypan blue staining

Molecular and Biochemical Characterization of Ischemic Stroke

P.Vijay Amruth Raj and C.S.V.Rama Chandra Rao

  • Abstract

    Stroke or cerebral infarction is a condition that arises due to the obstruction in the flow of blood (ischemic stroke) or due to rupture in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). This results in lack of oxygen and nutrients to the brain cells causing their failure to perform the metabolic function. Stroke is the third largest killer in the World. The total damage arising from stroke depends on the area of the brain affected and the amount of blood obstructed to the brain. In the present study we aimed to study the single nucleotide polymorphism in phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D) SNP56 genes and LPL gene. 25 patients and 25 healthy individual’s blood samples were collected and DNA was isolated. The presence of PDE4D SNP56 gene was determined by PCR-Sequencing methods and LPL gene polymorphism was determined by PCR-RFLP methods. Same numbers of patient and control samples were used to estimate the nitric oxide levels and uric acid levels. The results indicate that the PDE4D SNP56 gene and LPL gene polymorphism is significantly associated with stroke in the study population. The serum nitric oxide and uric acid levels were found to be significantly increased in patients as compared to controls.

Isolation, Characterization of Lipase Producing Bacteria from Crude Rice Bran Oil and Optimization studies by Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

B. Sumanjelin, C.S.V. Ramachandra Rao, R. Satish Babu,

  • Abstract

    Lipases are enzymes that can be secreted by several micro organisms, making interesting the biodiversity exploration for searching new microorganisms able to produce these enzymes. Many agro-industrial residues can be used as potential substrates for production of enzymes. Lipolytic bacteria were isolated from crude rice bran oil and grown on tributyrin media containing 1 %( w/w) olive oil. The isolate showing maximum activity was identified by ABIS online method. RSM (response surface methodology) was used to develop the culture medium for Lipase production and central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize process variables (temperature, pH, salts, incubation period, inducers, carbon sources and nitrogen sources). Peak lipase activity was observed for beef extract as nitrogen source, olive oil as inducer, starch as carbon source at pH 7.0 and temperature at 25°C.

Isolation, Screening and Molecular Characterization of Chromium Reducing Cr (VI) Pseudomonas Species

R.Jayalakshmi and C.S.V. Rama Chandra Rao

  • Abstract

    Microorganisms are known for their ability to metabolize a variety of chemical compounds, including aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, fatty acids and other environmental pollutants. These capabilities make them useful for application as bioremediation agents. Heavy metals found in wastewaters are harmful to the environment and their effects on biological system are very severe. An efficient and economic treatment for their removal and reuse needs to be developed. Microbial metal bioremediation is an efficient strategy due to its low cost, high efficiency and ecofriendly nature. Recently advances have been made in understanding metal-microbe interaction and their application for metal detoxification. Microorganisms in soil are sensitive to the high concentrations of heavy metals like zinc, manganese, cobalt, copper, chromium, cadmium, mercury and silver. Chromium is a toxic heavy metal, which primarily exists in two inorganic forms, Cr (VI) and Cr (III). Chromate [Cr (VI)] is a serious environmental pollutant. The current study aimed to isolate thebacteria which have the potential capacity to reduce the chromium levels. Chromium contaminated soil was collected and analyzed. From the collected soil samples the bacterial isolates were screened and characterized by using the 16s rRNA based PCR amplification. Biochemical tests were performed for the microorganisms isolated from the effluent. As per the present study the isolated Pseudomonas sp was found to reduce 99 % of chromium from the medium in 21 hours

Toxicity of Cypermethrin and Malathion on Rice Weevil Sitophilus oryzae (L.) and Their Effect on Esterase Isozymes

Md. Hasan Iqbal, Md. Abdur Rashid, Rowshan Ara Begum and Reza Md. Shahjahan

  • Abstract

    Experiments were conducted to study the toxicity and esterase isozyme pattern in rice weevil (Sitophilusoryzae), a major pest of the stored rice. Bioassay was conducted with cypermethrin and malathion against the adult weevils and LC50 was found to be 110.30 ppm and 12.19 ppm respectively at 24 hours of exposure. Malathion was found to be much more toxic to S. oryzae than that of cypermethrin. In general, the mortality increased with an increased dose and with the time of exposure. Altogether, four esterase bands (Est-11.36 ,Est- 20.99, Est-30.45 and Est-40.24) were detected on 7.5% polyacrylamide gels with α naphthyl acetate as substrate. Changes of esterase isozyme due to cypermethrin and malathion treatment was also observed. Est-1 was appeared only in the cypermethrin treated dead samples of 3-9 days of exposure, which was found highly intense after 5 days and the intensity gradually decreased afterwards. Esterase activity in malathion killed samples decreased with the increase of exposure period and with dose concentrations in however, fluctuation in esterase activity was found in cypermethrin killed samples.

Studies on the Production of L-Asparaginase by Aspergillus terreus MTCC 1782 using Agro-Residues under Mixed Substrate Solid State Fermentation

J.V. Suresh and K. Jaya Raju

  • Abstract

    L-asparaginase has been used as anti tumour agent for the effectivetreatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and as food processing aid to reduce the formation of acrylamide during frying of starchy foods at high temperature. L-asparaginase production under solid state fermentation was carried out by Aspergillus terreus MTCC 1782 using locally available agricultural residues. Among different agricultural materials (sesame oil cake, coconut oil cake, ground nut oil cake, wheat bran, rice bran, black gram husk, green gram husk) screened ,sesame oil cake (SOC) and black gram husk (BH) were selected and these two were mixed in different ratios for obtaining maximum enzyme activity . Out of ten combinations tested the ratio of 7:3 of SOC and BH supported maximum L-asparaginase production. The maximum yield (163.34 U/gds) of L-asparaginase by A.terreus was obtained using SOC and BH mixture of 60% initial moisture content, initial pH 7.0, supplemented with maltose (1.5%), ammonium sulphate (2.0%), and magnesium sulphate (0.1% w/v), inoculated with 1.5ml of 120h old fungal culture and incubated at 32OC for 120h. Both physico-chemical and nutritional parameters had played a significant role in the production of the enzyme L-asparaginase. Medium with optimized conditions and supplementation gave a maximum asparaginase activity of 163.34 U/gds which is above 2.4 fold and 10.2 fold increase in yield than that with medium of sesame oil cake (68.49 U/gds) and black gram husk (15.95 U/gds) alone.

Genetic Diversity Analysis of Eri Silkworm by RAPD

M Shivashankar, N Chandan and G S Nagananda

  • Abstract

    Non-mulberry Erisilkworm, Samia cynthia ricini is an commercial exploitation of Vanya silk. To enhance the productivity and quality of silk fibers many attempts have been made through genetic manipulation. Since the information on the genetic basis, phenotypic variability and genetic diversity within populations of Eri silkworm is scanty, an attempt had been made to understand the genetic diversity among six populations viz., Yellow plain (YP), Yellow spotted (YS), Yellow Zebra (YZ), Blue Green Plain (BGP), Blue Green Spotted (BGS) and Blue Green Zebra (BGZ) by using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker. Out of 20 RAPD primers screened, 18 primers generated good amplification of which 64 were polymorphic. RAPD profile generated for selected accessions with morphological dissimilarity showed 12% of polymorphism with primers ES-6, ES-8, ES-9 and ES-15. Cluster analysis (UPGMA) was generated to construct the dendogram. Jaccard’s similarity coefficients range (0.1 to 0.66) with maximum & minimum similarity noticed between Asc-05/Asc-06 and Asc-01/Asc-02. The range of similarity 0.1 to 0.66 indicated low genetic diversity in eri silkworm germplasm, which would be due to restricted environmental acclimatization.

Study on Ichthyofaunal Diversity of Bilawali Tank in Indore (M.P.)

Renu Jain, Preeti Choudhary and N. K. Dhakad

  • Abstract

    Present paper deals with the variety and abundance of fish in Bilawali Tank. The result of present observation reveals the occurrence of 21 species belonging to 16 genera, 3 orders and 9 families. The family Cyprinidae found dominant with 11 species.Among fish species recorded in the water of tank, Family Cyprinidae was most dominant constituting 52.40% followed by Bagridae and Ophiocephalidae constituting 9.52% and Siluridae, Saccobranchidae, Clariidae, Gobiidae, Centropomidae and Cichlidae constituting 4.76% of the total fish species. Fish diversity was assessed by calculating the various diversity indices such as Shannon – Weaver diversity index (H), Simpson’s Dominance index (D), Simpson’s index of diversity (1- D), Evenness index (J).

Ichthyofaunal Diversity of Chilika Lake- The Southern Sector

S. Mishra, B. C. Jha and A. K. Das

  • Abstract

    Chilika lake designated Ramsar site of international importance is situated in the humid tropical climatic zone of Odisha, on the east coast of India. It has both marine and freshwater ecological stands being a lagoon. The lagoon has four distinct ecological stands based on salinity profile viz. southern zone, central zone, northern zone, and outer channel. The information on the fish faunal diversity of the southern sector of Chilika Lake, which is the relatively deeper and stabilized with least fluctuations in salinity levels, remains to be scanty. It is in this context that the present study was conceived and undertaken over the period 2010-2011. Fish samples were collected from four selected sampling stations viz. Samal, Taltala, Birds Island and Palur Canal Outfall during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon. A total of 26 fish species belonging to 22 genera, 18 families and 6 orders were collected and documented. The Fish fauna of this sector was dominated by the order Perciformes (57.69 %) with 15 species followed by Siluriformes (15.38 %) with 04 species, Cyprinodontiformes (11.53%) with 3 species, Clupeiformes (7.69%) with 02 species, Pleuronectiformes and Tetradontiformes (3.84%) with 01 species each. The fishes were categorized as mullets, air breathing fishes, cat fishes, ornamental fishes, thread fin fishes and bloch.

Over Anxiety Makes Unhappiness in Child

M. Padmavathi and C.S.V. Ramachandra Rao

  • Abstract

    Anxiety is a normal emotion in human beings that everyone experiences in their lives at times. Many people feel anxious or nervous when they faced any problem at work, before taking a test or taking an important decision. Anxiety disorders are different and cause distress that it interferes with a person’s ability to lead a normal life. This is common in the childhood, loses their happiness, and suffers with mental illness. In these people, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming and can be crippling. There are many types of anxiety disorders such as phobias, social anxiety disorders, post – traumatic stress disorders etc., In the present review study, When the person is suffering with any type of anxiety disorders how it can diagnose and the treatment for it was discussed. Therefore, the proper treatment in the right step will make happiness in their lives

Biology of Onion Thrips, Thrips Tabaci (Lind.) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) On Onion Allium Cepa (Linnaeus)

N. V. Patel, D. M. Pathak, N. S. Joshi and M. R. Siddhapara

  • Abstract

    Study on biology of Thrips tabaci (Lind.) on onion showed that the thrips laid singly minute, kidney shape and translucent white in colour inside the leaf tissues with its pointed ovipositor. The average incubation period varied from 4.52 ± 0.51 days. The Larvae passed through two instars. The average larval period varied from 5 to 7 days with an average of 5.93 ± 1.00 days while pre-pupal and pupal period were 1.96 ± 0.76 and 3.56 ± 0.50 days, respectively. The average preoviposition, oviposition and post- oviposition period were 3.43 ± 1.10, 22.98 ± 5.58 and 3.51 ± 1.10 days, respectively. The average fecundity of female was 56.63 ± 11.73 eggs during entire life spam. The average longevity of adult was 27.97 ± 6.01 days. Total life cycle lasted for 38 to 62 days with an average of 49.66 ± 5.79 days.

Screening, Isolation and Identification of Extracellular Lipase Producing Bacteria Bacillus Tequilensis Nrrl B-41771

Kalyana Chakravrthy Bonala and Lakshmi NarasuMangamoori

  • Abstract

    The present paper reports the isolation and identification of lipase producing bacterial organism from oil mill waste. The bacterial isolate has been identified as Bacillus tequilensis NRRL B-41771. Maximal lipase production was detected during the early stationary phase of growth curve i.e at 48 h of growth. Maximum enzyme activity was recorded at a pH of 7.0 and temperature of 34oC.

A Review on Mevasatin- An Anticholesterol Drug

N Harsha, S Subbarao, V Sridevi, MVVChandana Lakshmi and T Kanthikiran

  • Abstract

    Hypercholesterolemia is considered an importantrisk factor in coronary artery disease. Thus the possibilityof controlling de novo synthesis of endogenouscholesterol, which is nearly two-thirds of total body cholesterol,represents an effective way of lowering plasmacholesterol levels. Statins, fungal secondary metabolites,selectively inhibit hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A(HMG-CoA) reductase, the first enzyme in cholesterolbiosynthesis. The mechanism involved in controllingplasma cholesterol levels is the reversible inhibition ofHMG-CoA reductase by statins, related to the structuralsimilarity of the acid form of the statins to HMGCoA, the natural substrate of the enzymatic reaction. Currentlythere are five statins in clinical use. Lovastatin and pravastatinmevastatin are natural statins of fungal origin. This review deals with the chemistry, mechanism for hmg-coareductase inhibition, biosynthesis and biotransformation, production and applications of mevastatin

Fishes of Gandhisagar Reservoir in Madhya Pradesh

Ridhi, B. C. Jha, A. Parashar, A. K. Das and A. K. Bose

  • Abstract

    Gandhisagar reservoir of Madhya Pradesh was constructed on the river Chambal. Extensive survey, would, however be essential to map the fish diversity of Gandhisagar reservoir as the data is scanty on this aspect. The present study was conducted during April 2009 to December 2011 selecting three stations: viz. Kanwala Ghandhisagar and Rampura. Fish samples were collected through repeated surveys of the landing sites, besides conducting experimental nettings and market surveys. During the present study a total of 72 species of fishes belonging to 9 orders, 20 families and43genera have been recorded from Gandhisagar reservoir. The indepth survey and analysis revealed that Order Cypriformes (59.72%) was dominant by 43 species which was followed by Siluriformes (18.05%) with 13 species; Order Perciformes (12.5%) was represented by 9 species and Order Cyprinodontiformes (2.7%) was represented by 2 species. Order Beloniformes, Clupeiformes, Mugiliformes ,Osteoglossiformes and Synbranchiformes were also represented by each of one species (1.3%). The species belongs to Cypriniformes such as Lepidocephalichthys guntea, Puntius amphibius, Puntius conchonius, Puntius chola, Puntius gelius, Puntius sophore, Puntius ticto, Danio devario, Danio aequipinatus and Rasbora daniconius are potential ornamental species that can be exploited for commercial purpose. The status of fish species in the reservoir suggests that 66.6% with 48 species are Least Concern (LC), 23.6% with 17 species are Not Evaluated (NE), 5.5% with 4 species are Near Threatened (NT) where as 1.38% witone fish species are represented as Vulnerable (Vu), Data Deficient (DD) and Endangered (En) in each categories

Circomoncobothrium Jadhavi A New Species Found In Clarious Batraehus At Shivpur Tq. Nalegaon Dist. Latur

Ashiwin R. Shinde

  • Abstract

    The cestode parasites found in plenty of the vertebrates, like fishes, amphibians, reptile’s birds and mammals. Parasitic diseases are among the major public health problems of tropical countries including India. The worm under discussion is having the scolex large triangular narrow anteriorly broad posteriorly, having two bothria, rostella medium, armed, the rostellar hooks 32 in mumber arrange in single circle, stout, slightly curved mature proglottids medium in size, squash in shape broader than long testes 250- 254 (252) on number, small to medium oval arranged in a single field, overy large distinctly bilobed dumb-bell shaped, situated near the posterior margin of the segments, vitellaria follicular, small around in 1-2 rows on each side.