Vol. 8 & Issue 4 ; Section B : Biological Sciences

Date : Aug.2018 to Oct.2018

 

Development of Liver in Swiss Mice fed with Solanum tuberosum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Cuminum cyminum : From Juvenile to Adult (PND 21- 49)

Ragini Sharma and Deepika Rani

[DOI: 10.24214/jcbps.B.8.4.80110.]

  • Abstract

    The present research paper is in continuation of our previous research paper in which the importance of nutrients during pregnancy and lactation for both mother and their young ones were discussed at PND 1 and 21. It was concluded that whatever a pregnant female consumes, directly affects the liver of mother as well as the fetus, the same phenomena is also followed after lactation. The present research work was focused on the prolonged effects of high carb diet combined with cinnamon and cumin, given to mothers during period of gestation and lactation, and this also has its impact on later stages of life. Six groups were taken in the present investigation and they were group I Control (CN), group II high carbohydrate (HC), group III cinnamon group (Ci), group IV high carbohydrate + cinnamon group (HC+ Ci), group V cumin group (Cu) and last group VI  high carbohydrate+ cumin group (HC+ Cu). Microstructure of liver of pups was studied at PND 49 and it was observed that nutrition obtained by mother during gestation and lactation also influenced the liver of the pups when these pups were fed on control diet after cessation of their lactation period. Results of the present study clearly demonstrate that diet taken during pre and postnatal stages of development also affects the health status during adulthood.

Volatile Organic Constituents of Two Fractions of Leaves of Ficus vogelii and their Potential Health Implication

Igile, G.O., Okoi, U.L., Iwara, A. I., Eteng, M.U

[DOI: 10.24214/jcbps.B.8.4.81119.]

  • Abstract

    The leaf of Ficus vogelii is commonly used as a green-leafy vegetable in Northern Cross River State of Nigeria. Its ethanol extract is used by adults for well-being, while, its aqueous extract is used for weaning children and for treatment of pediatric anemia. In this study, the methanol and n-hexane fractions of the leaves were analyzed for volatile organic composition using GC-MS, in order to determine the class of constituents that may be responsible for the amelioration of anemia, and sustenance of well-being in adults. GC-MS analysis of n-hexane and methanol fractions revealed the presence of several organic constituents including, twenty one (21) volatile compounds in n-hexane fraction and, thirty five (35) compounds in methanol fraction. The dominant compounds in the n-hexane fraction included, Hexadecanoic acid (3.14%), n-Nonadecanoic acid (17.81%), Phytol (38.45%), Oleic acid (21.20%) and E-2-Octadecadecen-1-ol (4.77%); while the dominant compounds in methanol fraction  included, Glycerin (8.44%), Dimethyl sulphoxide (7.44%), 2(R), 3(S)-1,2,3,4-Butane tetrol (6.47%), 17α-OH-17 β-Cyano-Preg-4-en-3-one (3.10%), Ethyl-β-d-glucopyranoside (7.25%), Bicyclo[3.1.0]hexan-3-ol (10.11%); n-Hexadecanoic acid (15.42%) and Oleic Acid (21.40%). It was concluded that the presence of Palmitaldehyde diisopentyl acetate (2.52%) in the n-hexane fraction may contribute significantly to the pleasant flavor of the extract fraction and its nutritional acceptability. It was also concluded that the high content of oleic acid and phytol in the plant may be responsible for the cardiovascular benefits the plant confers on the populations consuming it, as both compounds are known to lower blood cholesterol lipids in adult humans. 

Carboxymethyl cellulose synthesis from wheat straw and physiological effects as food additive on some haematological and biochemical parameters of male mice

Mst. Sarmina Yeasmin, Md. Abdul Jalil, Md. Moinuddin, Nasifa Akter and Md.Abdur Rahim

[DOI: 10.24214/jcbps.B.8.4.82029.]

  • Abstract

    High purity carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was prepared by using α-cellulose extracted from wheat straw by etherification process. Presence of toxic metals in the prepared CMC was tested by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy which was within the WHO/FAO recommended value. Purity of the CMC was 99.98 % that was higher than proposed limit. Microorganisms were tested by pour plate method. No colonies were observed after incubation of different media indicating absence of microorganisms. Repeated-dose sub-chronic oral toxicity was studied in Swiss albino mice following OECD guideline 408. 24 mice were divided into 4 groups fed diets with 0 (control), 2, 4 and 8% CMC for a period of 3 months. No abnormalities showed and no animals died during the administration period. Haematological and biochemical parameters were determined at every month of the experiment. No significant differences were observed between control and treated mice with different percentages of CMC. Therefore, the present study found no toxic effect of CMC that support the safety use of CMC as additive for foods and pharmaceuticals.

Poultry Systems and Zootechnical Performances of Traditional Local Chicken in Côte D’ivoire

Nambaté FOFANA, Lydie Aya N’DRI, Dagou SÉKA, Béatrice Abouo ADEPOGOURÈNE

[DOI: 10.24214/jcbps.B.8.4.83039.]

  • Abstract

    A study was carried out to evaluate the impact of the farming system on certain breeding performances of traditional chicken. Four batches, each consisting of four hens and one cock, were bred for six months, one in semi-intensive condition with food supply and the other three in extensive condition by three different farmers where the animals are left wandering for their food need. The mean number of broods (3) per hen obtained in the improved breeding system was significantly different from that established for the indigenous farming system (1.83). The average spacing of broods was significantly reduced (66.83 days) in improved condition compared with the indigenous breeding system (114.78 days). The hatching rate was 83.49% with the improved breeding system and 74.28% with the extensive system, showing an increase by approximately 10% with the improved breeding system. The average live weight at 150 days was significantly higher in semi-intensive (1017.68 g) than in extensive (854.73 g). The survival rate of chickens at 150 days of semi-intensive farming (53 individuals) is twice as high as the survival rate of chickens in the indigenous farming condition (22 chickens). The improved breeding conditions have resulted in a considerable increase in the zootechnical performance of traditional chickens. This work opens up promising prospects for an economically profitable and sustainable breeding model that can be proposed to the actors of the traditional poultry sector.